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Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul ended.
29.03.2012, 15:00
Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul ended. The result was his two-day final communique, which marked the relevance of today's nuclear threat and called for non-use of nuclear energy for military purposes.

"We recognize that a summit on nuclear security is a valuable mechanism for the highest political level in support of our joint appeal to secure all vulnerable nuclear material within four years," - the document says.

Leaders of more than 50 states that participated in the Seoul Summit, reaffirmed "the general goal of nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy." They are convinced that "measures to strengthen nuclear security will not impede the rights of States to develop and use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes," reports "Interfax".

The participants of the meeting stressed that the "nuclear terrorism is still constitutes one of the most serious threats to international security." "Addressing this threat, given its potential global political, economic, social and psychological consequences, requires decisive national actions and interactions at the international level" - said in a communique.

"While noting the accident at the nuclear power plant" Fukushima "in March 2011, we believe that continued efforts are necessary to the technical problems of nuclear safety and nuclear security were considered in a coordinated manner to help ensure a safe and secure peaceful use of nuclear energy", - said in the document.

The summit participants believe that by the end of 2013 the country using nuclear energy, should announce specific actions to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium.

"We call upon States to take measures to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium, including the transfer of low-enriched uranium for reactor fuel, where it is technologically feasible and economically justified," - said in a communique.

The summit called for "the state to do so to the end of 2013 to announce a voluntary specific action to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium."

The document stresses that "the highly enriched uranium and separated plutonium require special precautions," so important "to adequately ensure the security, accounting and consolidation of these materials."

"We urge States to consider implementation of a safe, reliable and timely removal and disposal of nuclear materials from facilities where these materials are no longer used, as appropriate and in line with the national security", - wrote the leaders in the communique.

They also reaffirmed the central role of the IAEA in enhancing nuclear safety. "We urge states that have such an opportunity, as well as the nuclear industry, to increase voluntary contributions to the Nuclear Security Fund of IAEA, as well as in-kind contributions" - the document says.

Another call for summit participants for the acceleration of national procedures for the adoption of an amendment to the 2005 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, that it can enter into force by 2014.

In addition, state leaders welcomed the extension of the Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction after 2012 and the proposal of the IAEA to organize in 2013 an international conference on nuclear security.

Particular attention is paid to the Communiqué of radioactive sources, which are broad in scope and "can be used for malicious purposes." To prevent this, the summit called for the state, "if you want to create a national registry of highly radioactive sources", to improve the legal framework for radioactive sources.

The document also stresses the need for "national effort and international co-operation to recover lost, missing or stolen radioactive sources, as well as to maintain control over the unused radioactive sources."

"The development, implementation and coordination of measures to ensure the physical and technical nuclear safety at nuclear installations should be conducted in compliance with the principles of consistency and complementarity. We reaffirm the need to maintain readiness to respond effectively to an emergency, mitigation and elimination of its consequences "- swept aside in a communique.

The summit called on States to "consider the establishment of appropriate plans for dealing with spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste," continue to improve safety in the transport of nuclear and radioactive materials, the coordination of national mechanisms to combat the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials.

The summit participants believe in the need to develop nuclear forensics, which "can be an effective tool for determining the origin of detected nuclear and other radioactive materials and to collect evidence on the facts of illicit trafficking and malicious use of radioactive materials."

Another point concerns the approval of the establishment of Communication training centers on nuclear security in different countries.

 

Earlier, U.S. President Barack Obama said that security on a global scale, curled on what decision to take the summit.

The American president said the United States fulfill their obligations, they have taken on the previous forum in Washington in 2010, "Interfax".

He said that in the United States stepped up security of nuclear materials, and the most vulnerable of them were taken to special areas or disposed of.

"As a result, more nuclear materials in the world will never fall into the hands of terrorists, who would very much like to use them against us" - the president said.

Nevertheless, he said, nuclear terrorism continues to pose a threat to world security.

"You can not deny that the threat remains, still a lot of bad actors tends to get dangerous materials and these materials are in many places still vulnerable," - said Mr. Obama.

"Much and do not have enough of a handful of these materials to destroy hundreds of thousands of innocent people", - he said.

According to Nazarbayev, is currently working with the IAEA to place such a bank in Kazakhstan, "has entered the practical stage." "This is our specific contribution to strengthening non-proliferation regime and nuclear disarmament", - said Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Recall, on Monday kicked off the summit on nuclear security in Seoul, was attended by leaders of 53 countries and four international organizations.

Officially, the summit began on Monday, but its working sessions were held on Tuesday.

At the summit, attended by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

Working sessions were devoted to the summit of national action and international cooperation in strengthening nuclear security and the relationship between the two areas of activity: nuclear safety and technology.

In addition, the summit took part in the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan and Azerbaijan - Ilham Aliyev, Ukraine - Viktor Yanukovych, Georgia - Mikhail Saakashvili, Kazakhstan - Nursultan Nazarbayev, President Hu Jintao, President of Algeria, the new president of Finland, the prime ministers of France, Australia , Spain, Canada, Japan and others.

Discussions on all the events were closed to the press.

During the summit, held a bilateral meeting between the presidents of Russia and the United States. We are talking about missile defense system in Europe, on international issues and bilateral relations.

At the same time, Obama said that he could be more flexible on this issue in the case of his re-election of U.S. president.

The American leader did not rule out that Moscow and Washington have made progress in resolving the problem of missile defense in Europe by 2013.

"Over the next 9-10 months experts will work on the technical aspects of defense, which is the main reason for our (Russia and the U.S. - Ed.) Friction," - said Obama, "Interfax".

According to him, "it will be possible to make progress in 2013, if the technical issues are resolved."

Obama said it is unlikely that in 2012 the U.S. will be able to reach agreement on missile defense with Russia.

"The current conditions for such serious consultations are not suitable," - he said, adding: "I think we'd better do it in 2013."

The president of the United States stressed that the issues to be resolved, are very complex. "It's not easy, I would be consulted and the Pentagon, Congress and the two parties. This requires time, "- he said.

Obama reiterated that "issues relating to arms control - technical, complicated, they can only be solved through consultation and confidence."

As an example, he cited two years of work in Moscow and Washington on a new treaty on reducing strategic offensive arms.

According to Obama, at the moment is "very difficult to deal with these issues, since a few months in the U.S. presidential elections, while in Russia they had already done and there is a transition period."

"We strive to reduce their nuclear arsenals. The path to this - to build confidence. In the words of Dmitry (Russian President Dmitry Medvedev - Ed.), We have great power and have a special responsibility "- said the U.S. leader.

Meanwhile, Russian newspapers report that a small fragment of the talks Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama in Seoul, not intended for the press, was heard by reporters because of technical failure.

As the "News", a conversation leaders held behind closed doors in one of the ballrooms Hotel Millenium Hilton, where he stayed, Dmitry Medvedev, and lasted about one and half hours.

"Despite all the precautions audiokolonki transmitting sound from the hall, joined earlier press conference, and journalists," Kremlin pool "could hear the last part of the negotiations between Medvedev and Obama is probably not destined for the press" - the article says.

"Izvestia" published this piece of conversation in English and its translation.

"Continuing with the defense (...) it can be decided. It is important to give space (...) "- said Barack Obama.

"News" offers three interpretations of the sayings of the U.S. President. "For one, according to the Kremlin source, Obama meant that he had little room to maneuver because of the election campaign. On the other hand, Obama would like to see Mr Medvedev had more space to participate in the negotiations, when he becomes prime minister. Another version: to give Russia the opportunity to participate in European missile defense "- the paper suggests.

In response to a replica of the American leader Medvedev said: "I learned about the message of your space. There is a place for you. There is space for you. "

"This is my last question," - said after Obama.

"I understand. I will give this information to Vladimir, "- said Medvedev.

In turn, "Kommersant" newspaper also reports that the broadcast of the meeting of Presidents in the press center has started a minute earlier than planned, and all heard Obama, referring to Medvedev, has assured that the issue of missile defense "can be solved." And received an honest answer: "I will give this information to Vladimir."

Earlier, these words of Obama and Medvedev told U.S. media.

According to the channel ABC, the U.S. president, said in part: "In regard to all these questions, especially the defense, it can be solved, but the important thing is that he gave me room to maneuver." "This is my last election. After my election, I'll be more flexible "- ABC quoted the head of the White House.

According to the channel, in response to Medvedev has promised to bring this to Putin. "I understand. I will give this information to Vladimir, "- ABC quoted the Russian president.

Obama's latest remarks have caused a wave of criticism of the democratic politics of the White House from the Republicans in the U.S. in the campaign.

One of Obama's main rivals in the presidential elections Mitt Romney said in California on Monday: "President Obama signaled he was going to cave in to Russia on missile defense. But the American people have a right to know what other issues he plans to show "flexibility" during his second term (the president - Ed.) ".

Romney demanded that Obama has made clear "that he was going to do with our missile defense system, our military strength, our commitment to Israel, in our absolute conviction that Iran intends to acquire nuclear weapons."

In an interview with U.S. television channel CNN Romney said: "He (Obama - ed.) Plans, and offers something of Russia, which of course is our geopolitical enemy number one, but he is afraid to say so to the American people. So, it is in relation to Russia going to be more flexible, of course, is very problematic. "
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