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Security Council discusses the "resource curse"
20.06.2013, 22:03
"The prevention of conflicts and natural resources" - that has been the subject held on Wednesday in New York of the UN Security Council. Much evidence shows the close relationship between the country's dependence on natural resources and the incidence of internal conflicts, the extent of corruption, weak economic growth, low levels of social well-being and the absence of democracy.

 
The consequences of this so-called "resource curse" is particularly evident in the case of non-renewable resources such as oil, gas and minerals. About this in his speech at the Security Council said the former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. Today, he leads a team of experts on Africa, which stand for ensuring equitable sustainable development of the Black Continent:

"Over the years we have seen mnogh that natural resources play an active - and at times to start - the role of internal or regional conflicts in Africa. Over the past 15 years, the struggle for access to valuable raw materials ignited the war in Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, South Sudan, and many other places. Oil also played an important role in the ongoing violence in the Niger Delta. "

Today, much of the agenda of the UN Security Council, includes a provision in resource-rich countries at different stages of conflict or post-conflict peace-building. The situation in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia reflect different aspects of conflicts related to natural resources. In Mali, uranium mining has often been the bone of contention between the Tuaregs and the government. In Iraq, the debate over the rights of the oil between the center and the semi-autonomous Kurdistan could be the spark for the conflict in the future.
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